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A 134 DB Dynamic Range Noise Shaping Slope Light-to-Digital Converter for Wearable Chest PPG Applications

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

This paper presents a low power, high dynamic range (DR), light-to-digital converter (LDC) for wearable chest photoplethysmogram (PPG) applications. The proposed LDC utilizes a novel 2nd-order noise-shaping slope architecture, directly converting the photocurrent to a digital code. This LDC applies a high-resolution dual-slope quantizer for data conversion. An auxiliary noise shaping loop is used to shape the residual quantization noise. Moreover, a DC compensation loop is implemented to cancel the PPG signal's DC component, thus further boosting the DR. The prototype is fabricated with 0.18 μm standard CMOS and characterized experimentally. The LDC consumes 28 μW per readout channel while achieving a maximum 134 dB DR. The LDC is also validated with on-body chest PPG measurement.
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
ISSN: 1932-4545
Issue: 6
Volume: 15
Pages: 1224 - 1235
Number of pages: 12
Publication year:2021