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Acute stimulation with symmetric biphasic pulses induces less ataxia compared to cathodic pulses in DBS for essential tremor
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
BACKGROUND: Symmetric biphasic pulses have been shown to acutely increase the therapeutic window of ventralis intermedius deep brain stimulation (Vim-DBS) for essential tremor (ET) compared to cathodic pulses. Acute supratherapeutic stimulation can induce ataxic side effects in Vim-DBS. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on tremor, ataxia and dysarthria of 3 h of biphasic stimulation in patients with DBS for ET. METHODS: A randomized, doubled-blind, cross-over design was used to compare standard cathodic pulses with symmetric biphasic pulses (anode-first) during a 3-h period per pulse shape. During each 3-h period, all stimulation parameters were identical, except for the pulse shape. Tremor (Fahn-Tolosa-Marin Tremor Rating Scale), ataxia (International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale) and speech (acoustic and perceptual measures) were assessed hourly during the 3-h periods. RESULTS: Twelve ET patients were included. During the 3-h stimulation period, tremor control was equivalent between the two pulse shapes. Biphasic pulses elicited significantly less ataxia than cathodic pulses (p = 0.006). Diadochokinesis rate of speech was better for the biphasic pulse (p = 0.048), but other measures for dysarthria were not significantly different between the pulses. CONCLUSION: Symmetric biphasic pulses induce less ataxia than conventional pulses after 3 h of stimulation DBS in ET patients.
Journal: PARKINSONISM & RELATED DISORDERS