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Cell wall polysaccharide changes and involvement of phenolic compounds in ageing of Red haricot beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) during postharvest storage

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Cell wall material was isolated from selected non-aged and aged Red haricot bean cotyledons using a texture-based classification approach. Pectin-depleted residual cell wall fractions were obtained by sequential pectin extraction and were characterized to investigate in situ cell wall related molecular changes upon ageing during adverse storage of the beans. Particularly, involvement of phenolic compounds in cell wall strengthening during the ageing process, resulting in the hard-to-cook defect, was evaluated. Results show that ageing induces substantial changes at a cell-wall-structural level in the Aged sample compared to the Non-aged sample, with mainly vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde covalently bound with sugar side-chains of pectin and/or involved in lignification-like mechanisms. FT-IR spectroscopy coupled with chemometric analysis reveals that lignin-like phenolic-cell wall polymers, which are known to reinforce cell wall structure, are present in the cell wall polysaccharide network of the Aged sample, and are therefore contributing factors to the hard-to-cook development during Red haricot bean ageing.
Journal: Food Research International
ISSN: 0963-9969
Issue: Pt A
Volume: 162
Publication year:2022