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Crosslinked PVDF membranes for aqueous and extreme pH nanofiltration
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Loose poly(vinylidene difluoride) nanofiltration membranes were crosslinked using a one-pot reaction with para-xylenediamine in alkaline conditions. The crosslinking reaction was characterized using ATR-FTIR and EDX-based elemental analysis as function of reaction time. Upon crosslinking, the retention of the membranes improved dramatically for rose Bengal (RB) (from 90% to 100%) and MO (from 49% to 91%) without significant loss of permeability. The physico-chemical changes of the membrane during the crosslinking reaction were further characterized through XRD, TGA, DSC and DMA. Crosslinking resulted in a strong decrease in crystallinity of the semi-crystalline PVDF and tensile strength and thermal stability. The 24 h crosslinked PVDF membranes were tested for NF application in extreme pH conditions. The membranes were found to be suitable in both extreme acidic and alkaline conditions (5 M HCl or NaOH). The RB retention was not affected at all by the extreme conditions. Although a small decrease in permeance was observed for the acid treated membrane, the permeance of the alkaline treated membrane was not affected. This proves that crosslinking is a suitable strategy to improve the stability of PVDF, especially in alkaline conditions where pristine PVDF is not applicable at all, and furthermore is a tool to decrease the MWCO.
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science
Pages: 489 - 495
Number of pages: 7