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Des adjectifs tough dans des langues sans construction Tough? Le cas du russe

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Subtitle:Tough-adjectives in languages without Tough-construction? The case of Russian
In Russian, the adjectives meaning U+2039easyU+203A, U+2039difficultU+203A, accompanied by an infinitive, do not allow Object-to-Subject Raising (Rosenbaum 1967), since the raised object keeps the case assigned to it by the infinitive. Its raising is, therefore, a simple change in the word order. Nevertheless, despite the absence of a Tough construction on the English model, the Russian adjectives trudnyj U+2039difficultU+203A, legkij U+2039easyU+203A and the like differ from other adjectives in that they are the only ones to be compatible with three other constructions: the reflexive passive, the passive present participle and a prepositional construction in dlja U+2039forU+203A+deverbal noun. The compatibility of these adjectives with the three aforementioned constructions confirms their propensity to raising phenomena, which may be explained by their semantic affinity with modality.
Journal: LANGAGES
ISSN: 1958-9549
Volume: 218
Pages: 75 - 88
Publication year:2020