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Design and modeling of a high resolution and high sensitivity PET brain scanner with double-ended readout

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

In the wake of recent advancements in scintillator, photodetector, and low-noise fast electronics technologies, as well as in fast reconstruction software, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners have seen considerable improvements in spatial resolution, time resolution, and absolute sensitivity. To continue this trend, we present a helmet type PET brain scanner design that combines high solid angle coverage and double-ended readout of 30 mm-thick scintillator crystals to achieve excellent absolute sensitivity, depth of interaction resolution, and time resolution. This scanner comprises 598 detector arrays, each with 8 × 8 Lu1.8Y0.2SiO5:Ce (LYSO:Ce) crystals with dimensions 3.005 × 3.005 × 30 mm3one-to-one coupled on either end to silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs). Our Monte Carlo simulations based in the platform Geant4 predict that this scanner would attain an absolute sensitivity to a 35 cm line source placed at the center of the radial field of view of (17.1 ± 0.1)%, a depth of interaction resolution of (3.99 ± 0.05) mm, and a coincidence time resolution of (198 ± 5) ps. Our simulations also predict radial, tangential, and axial spatial resolutions at the center of the field of view of 3.3 mm, 3.1 mm, and 3.3 mm, respectively. As this set of simultaneous parameters compares favorably to today's most advanced clinical PET scanners and other proposed designs, this scanner has a good chance of becoming a preferred tool for high quality brain imaging.
Journal: Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express
ISSN: 2057-1976
Issue: 2
Volume: 8
Publication year:2022