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Diffusion weighted MRI of hepatic tumor in rats: comparison between in vivo and postmortem imaging acquisitions

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of in vivo diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to distinguish between normal liver, viable tumor and necrosis compared to postmortem DWI in a rat model with vascular-targeting treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen rats with liver implantation of 30 rhabdomyosarcomas were treated with combretastatin A-4-phosphate (CA4P) at 10 mg/kg. Two days after treatment, T2-weighted imaging, precontrast T1-weighted imaging, postcontrast T1-weighted imaging, and DWI were performed in vivo and postmortem with a 1.5T scanner. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) calculated from DWIs with b values of 0, 50, and 100 seconds/mm2 (ADClow), 500, 750, and 1000 seconds/mm2 (ADChigh), 0, 500, and 1000 seconds/mm2 (ADC3b), and 0-1000 seconds/mm2 (ADC10b) for tumor, liver, therapeutic necrosis, and phantoms were compared and validated with ex vivo microangiographic and histopathologic findings. RESULTS: Except ADClow between tumor and necrosis, in vivo ADCs successfully differentiated liver, viable tumor, and necrosis (P<0.05). Compared to in vivo outcomes, postmortem ADCs significantly dropped in tumor and liver (P<0.05) except ADChigh of tumor, but not in necrosis and phantoms. Compared to ADClow, ADChigh was less affected by vital status. CONCLUSION: Advantageous over postmortem DWI, in vivo DWI provides a noninvasive easy-performing tool for distinguishing between liver, viable tumor, and necrosis. ADClow and ADChigh better reflect tissue perfusion and water diffusion, respectively.
Journal: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
ISSN: 1053-1807
Issue: 3
Volume: 29
Pages: 621 - 628
Publication year:2009
Keywords:Radiology & nuclear medicine