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Effect of Particle Carriers for Intraperitoneal Drug Delivery on the Course of Ovarian Cancer and Its Immune Microenvironment in a Mouse Model
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
Novel treatment strategies are needed to provide a better prognosis for ovarian cancer. For this purpose, the current study was designed to evaluate the effects of different types of particle drug carriers on tumor response and on the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) after intraperitoneal (IP) administration in a murine tumor model. Mice with ID8-fLuc ovarian cancer were injected IP with pegylated liposomes, hydroxyapatite, polystyrene, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) microparticles to evaluate the effect of the candidate carriers without drugs. Our results show that several types of microparticle drug carriers caused hyperproliferation of the tumor when injected IP, as reflected in a reduced survival or an accelerated onset of ascites. Alterations of the product formulation of CaCO3 microparticles could result in less hyperproliferation. The hyperproliferation caused by CaCO3 and PLGA was largely driven by a strong innate immune suppression. A combination with chemotherapy was not able to sufficiently counteract the tumor progression caused by the drug carriers. This research points towards the importance of evaluating a drug carrier before using it in a therapeutic setting, since drug carriers themselves can detrimentally influence tumor progression and immune status of the TME. However, it remains to be determined whether the hyperproliferation in this model will be of relevance in other cancer models or in humans.
Number of pages: 16