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The endometrial microbiota-16S rRNA gene sequence signatures in healthy, pregnant and endometritis dairy cows

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Simple Summary In pursuit of a consistent diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of uterine diseases in dairy cattle, researchers have focused their efforts on identifying bacteria present in the uterus, the so-called uterine microbiota. Bacteria frequently populate the uterus but an optimal balance in type and number of bacteria is important for reproductive health. In this study, the uterine microbiota from healthy, pregnant, and diseased cattle have been analyzed from samples taken in the slaughterhouse. Interestingly, the bacterial composition in the uterus of healthy and pregnant cattle was more similar, compared to diseased animals who had a different bacterial composition in their uterus. Endometritis is one of the most important causes of infertility in dairy cows, resulting in high economic losses in the dairy industry. Though the presence of a commensal uterine microbiota is now well established, the complex role of these bacteria in genital health, fertility, and susceptibility to uterine diseases remains unclear. In this study, we explore the endometrial microbiota through 16S rRNA gene profiling from cytobrush samples taken ex vivo from healthy, pregnant, and endometritis cows. There were no significant differences between healthy and pregnant cows, whose uterine microbiota were dominated by Streptococcus, Pseudomonas, Fusobacterium, Lactococcus and Bacteroides. Compared to pregnant and clinically healthy cows, the uterine bacterial community of endometritis cows was significantly decreased in species diversity (p < 0.05), reflecting uneven community composition in different patterns with either dominance of Escherichia-Shigella, Histophilus, Bacteroides and Porphyromonas or Actinobacteria.
Journal: VETERINARY SCIENCES
ISSN: 2306-7381
Issue: 3
Volume: 10
Publication year:2023
Accessibility:Open