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Epidemiology of disorders of gut-brain interaction in Belgium and differences between two language groups: Results from the Rome foundation global epidemiology study

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

BACKGROUND: The Rome Foundation carried out a worldwide epidemiology study on DGBI according to the Rome IV criteria in 33 countries, including Belgium. DGBI prevalence varied between continents and countries, but prevalence differences within language groups in a single country have not yet been described. METHODS: We analyzed the prevalence rates of 18 DGBI and their psychosocial impact in Belgium in the French and Dutch language groups. KEY RESULTS: DGBI prevalence was similar in the French-speaking and Dutch-speaking population. Having one or more DGBI was negatively associated with psychosocial well-being. The scores for depression were lower in the Dutch-speaking participants with one or more DGBI compared to the French-speaking participants. Interestingly, we also found significantly lower scores in the general Dutch-speaking versus the French-speaking population for depression and non-gastrointesinal somatic symptoms, and higher global physical health and mental health quality-of-life component scores. In the Dutch-speaking group, medication use for gastric acid was lower, but use of prescribed analgesics was more common. Nevertheless, the use of non-prescribed pain medication was higher in the French-speaking group. Anxiety and sleep medication use was also higher in the latter group. CONCLUSIONS & INTERFERENCES: The results of this first in-depth analysis of Rome IV DGBI in Belgium show a higher prevalence for some DGBI in the French-speaking cohort, and a larger associated disease burden. These differences between language/culture groups in the same country support the psychosocial pathophysiological model of DGBI.
ISSN: 1350-1925
Issue: 6
Volume: 35
Publication year:2023