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Estimation of the cardiovascular risk using world health organization/international society of hypertension risk prediction charts in Central Vietnam

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

IntroductionCardiovascular disease (CVD) being the leading cause of the morbidity and mortality in Vietnam, the objective of this study was to estimate the total 10-year CVD risk among adults aged 40-69 years by utilizing World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) risk prediction charts in Central Vietnam.Materials and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, multi-staged sampling was used to select 938 participants from a general population aged from 40 to 69. The CVD risk factors were then collected throughout the interviews with a standardized questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and a blood test. The cardiovascular risk was calculated using the WHO/ISH risk prediction charts.ResultsAccording to the WHO/ISH charts, the proportion of moderate risk (10-20%) and high risk (>20%) among the surveyed participants were equal (5.1%). When "blood pressure of more than 160/100 mmHg" was applied, the proportion of moderate risk reduced to 2.3% while the high risk increased markedly to 12.8%. Those proportions were higher in men than in women (at 18.3% and 8.5% respectively, p-value <0.001, among the high-risk group), increasing with age. Male gender, smoking, ethnic minorities, hypertension and diabetes were associated with increased CVD risk.ConclusionsThere was a high burden of CVD risk in Central Vietnam as assessed with the WHO/ISH risk prediction charts, especially in men and among the ethnic minorities. The use of WHO/ISH charts provided a feasible and affordable screening tool in estimating the cardiovascular risk in primary care settings.
Journal: PLoS ONE
Issue: 11
Volume: 15
Number of pages: 1
Publication year:2020