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[F-18] MFBG PET imaging: biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, and comparison with [I-123] MIBG in neural crest tumour patients

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

PURPOSE: Despite its limitations, [123I]MIBG scintigraphy has been the standard for human norepinephrine transporter (hNET) imaging for several decades. Recently, [18F]MFBG has emerged as a promising PET alternative. This prospective trial aimed to evaluate safety, biodistribution, tumour lesion pharmacokinetics, and lesion targeting of [18F]MFBG and perform a head-to-head comparison with [123I]MIBG in neural crest tumour patients. METHODS: Six neural crest tumour patients (4 phaeochromocytoma, 1 paraganglioma, 1 neuroblastoma) with a recent routine clinical [123I]MIBG scintigraphy (interval: - 37-75 days) were included. Adult patients (n = 5) underwent a 30-min dynamic PET, followed by 3 whole-body PET/CT scans at 60, 120, and 180 min after injection of 4 MBq/kg [18F]MFBG. One minor participant underwent a single whole-body PET/CT at 60 min after administration of 2 MBq/kg [18F]MFBG. Normal organ uptake (SUVmean) and lesion uptake (SUVmax; tumour-to-background ratio (TBR)) were measured. Regional distribution volumes (VT) were estimated using a Logan graphical analysis in up to 6 lesions per patient. A lesion-by-lesion analysis was performed to compare detection ratios (DR), i.e. fraction of detected lesions, between [18F]MFBG and [123I]MIBG. RESULTS: [18F]MFBG was safe and well tolerated. Its biodistribution was overall similar to that of [123I]MIBG, with prominent uptake in the salivary glands, liver, left ventricle wall and adrenals, and mainly urinary excretion. In the phaeochromocytoma subgroup, the median VT was 37.4 mL/cm3 (range: 18.0-144.8) with an excellent correlation between VT and SUVmean at all 3 time points (R2: 0.92-0.94). Mean lesion SUVmax and TBR at 1 h after injection were 19.3 ± 10.7 and 23.6 ± 8.4, respectively. All lesions detected with [123I]MIBG were also observed with [18F]MFBG. The mean DR with [123I]MIBG was significantly lower than with [18F]MFBG (61.0% ± 26.7% vs. 99.8% ± 0.5% at 1 h; p = 0.043). CONCLUSION: [18F]MFBG is a promising hNET imaging agent with favourable imaging characteristics and improved lesion targeting compared with [123I]MIBG scintigraphy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov : NCT04258592 (Registered: 06 February 2020), EudraCT: 2019-003872-37A.
ISSN: 1619-7070
Issue: 4
Volume: 50
Pages: 1134 - 1145
Publication year:2023