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The Importance of Excellent pi-pi Interactions in Poly(thiophene)s To Reach a High Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Poly(thiophene)s have an inherently large third-order nonlinear optical (TONO) response, but applications are not straightforward due to unoptimized materials. Therefore, several structure-property relationships (molar mass, branching, regioregularity) are investigated to unravel which structural modifications give the highest TONO response. Poly(3-hexylthiophene) with different molar masses, poly[3-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophene] with different molar masses, and random copolymers with different degrees of regioregularity are synthesized and measured by UV-vis spectroscopy and the third harmonic scattering technique. Every structural modification that leads to an increase in π-π interactions in poly(thiophene)s leads to an increase in the TONO response of the material. Therefore, a material with a high molar mass, an unbranched alkyl side chain, and a high regioregularity degree is preferably tested as a promising TONO material.
Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
ISSN: 1520-6106
Issue: 43
Volume: 124
Pages: 9668 - 9679
Number of pages: 12
Publication year:2020