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Individualized QT interval (QTi) is a powerful diagnostic tool in long QT syndrome: results from a large validation study
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
AIMS: Diagnosis of Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is based on prolongation of the QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) on surface ECG and genotyping. However, up to 25% of genotype positive patients have a normal QTc interval. We recently showed that individualized QT interval (QTi) derived from 24 h holter data and defined as the QT value at the intersection of an RR interval of 1,000 ms with the linear regression line fitted through QT-RR data points of each individual patient was superior over QTc to predict mutation status in LQTS families. This study aimed to confirm the diagnostic value of QTi, fine-tune its cut-off value and evaluate intra-individual variability in patients with LQTS. METHODS: From the Telemetric and Holter ECG Warehouse, 201 recordings from control individuals and 393 recordings from 254 LQTS patients were analysed. Cut-off values were obtained from ROC curves and validated against an in house LQTS and control cohort. RESULTS: ROC curves indicated very good discrimination between controls and LQTS patients with QTi, both in females (AUC 0.96) and males (AUC 0.97). Using a gender dependent cut-off of 445 ms in females and 430 ms in males, a sensitivity of 88% and specificity of 96% were achieved, which was confirmed in the validation cohort. No significant intra-individual variability in QTi was observed in 76 LQTS patients for whom at least two holter recordings were available (483 ± 36 ms vs. 489 ± 42 ms, p = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms our initial findings and supports the use of QTi in the evaluation of LQTS families. Using the novel gender dependent cut-off values, a high diagnostic accuracy was achieved.
Journal: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine