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Major gaps in the information provided to patients before implantation of cardioverter defibrillators

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Subtitle:a prospective patient European evaluation

AIMS: Information provided to patients prior to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) insertion and their participation in the decision-making process are crucial for understanding ICD function and accepting this lifelong therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the extent to which different aspects related to ICD and quality of life were transmitted to patients prior to ICD implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective, multicenter European study with an online questionnaire initiated by the European Heart Rhythm Association. The questionnaire was filled-in directly and personally by the ICD patients who were invited to participate. A total of 1809 patients (majority in their 40s-70s, with 624 women, 34.5%) from 10 European countries participated in the study. The median time from first ICD implantation was 5 years (interquartile range 2-10). Overall, 1155 patients (71.5%) felt optimally informed at the time of device implantation, however many respondents received no information about ICD-related complications (n = 801, 49.6%), driving restrictions (n = 718, 44.5%), and possibility of end-of-life ICD deactivation (n = 408, 25.4%). Of note, women were less frequently involved in the decision-making process than men (47.3% vs. 55.9%, P = 0.003) and reported to be less often optimally informed before ICD implantation than men (61.2% vs. 76.8%, P < 0.001). More women mentioned the desire to have learned more about ICD therapy and the benefit/risk balance (45.4% vs. 33.7% of men; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This patient-based evaluation provides alarming findings on the lack of information provided to patients prior ICD implantation, particularly for women.

Journal: Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
ISSN: 1099-5129
Issue: 3
Volume: 25
Pages: 1144-1151
Publication year:2023
Keywords:Male, Humans, Female, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Electric Countershock/adverse effects, Defibrillators, Implantable/adverse effects, Europe, Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology