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Mechanical properties, aging stability and translucency of speed-sintered zirconia for chairside restorations

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of zirconia ceramics sintered in a speed sintering induction furnace by comprehensive understanding of their optical and mechanical properties, microstructure, phase composition and aging stability, in comparison to ceramics sintered in a conventional furnace. METHODS: Speed sintered (SS) Katana STMLSS (Kuraray Noritake) (total thermal cycle/sintering time/dwell temperature: 30min/16min/1560°C) and CEREC Zirconia (CEREC ZrSS) (Dentsply Sirona) (15min/2min/1578°C) were compared to conventionally sintered (CS) Katana STMLCS (6.8h/2h/1550°C) and inCoris TZICS (4h/2h/1510°C). The translucency parameter (TP) and contrast ratio (CR) were measured with a spectrophotometer. The chemical composition of the materials was determined by XRF and phase composition was characterized using XRD. Hydrothermal aging behavior was evaluated by measuring the tetragonal-to-monoclinic ZrO2 phase transformation after accelerated hydrothermal aging in steam at 134°C. The indentation fracture toughness, Vickers hardness and biaxial strength of the sintered ceramics were assessed. RESULTS: Speed and conventionally sintered zirconia revealed similar density, microstructure, average strength and hydrothermal aging stability. Both Katana STMLSS/CS 5Y-PSZ ceramics were characterized with a higher content of cubic phase (≈53wt%), which resulted in a higher amount of Y2O3 in the remaining tetragonal ZrO2 phases compared to the 3Y-TZP CEREC ZrSS and inCoris TZICS (8 and 20wt%, respectively). The sintering program did not affect the hydrothermal aging behavior of Katana STMLSS and CEREC ZrSS. TP of Katana STMLSS (TP≈32) was not affected by speed sintering, while the translucency of CEREC ZrSS (TP=14) was significantly reduced. Hardness, fracture toughness and Weibull characteristic strength of Katana STMLSS and CEREC ZrSS also reached the optimal level, but speed sintering substantially lowered their mechanical reliability. SIGNIFICANCE: Speed sintering of 3Y-TZP and 5Y-PSZ in a speed sintering induction oven appeared suitable for clinical applications. However, further studies should focus on improving of translucency and mechanical reliability of the speed-sintered zirconia ceramics.
Journal: Dental Materials
ISSN: 0109-5641
Issue: 7
Volume: 36
Pages: 959 - 972
Number of pages: 14
Publication year:2020