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Novel composite cement containing the anti-microbial compound CPC-Montmorillonite

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, bonding performance and anti-microbial activity of a novel composite cement containing cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) modified montmorillonite ('CPC-Mont'), and using these parameters to determine the optimal particle size and concentration of CPC-Mont the composite cement can be loaded with. METHODS: CPC-Mont particles with a median diameter of 30 and 7 µm were prepared and added to a composite cement at a concentration of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7.5 wt%. Mechanical properties and bonding performance of the experimental composite cements were evaluated by 3-point bending and micro-tensile bond-strength testing. The amount of CPC released from the cement disks was quantified using a UV-vis recording spectrophotometer. The anti-biofilm activity was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: Adding 30-μm CPC-Mont decreased the mechanical properties and bonding performance of the composite cement, while no reduction was observed for the 7-μm CPC-Mont loaded cement formulation. Although CPC release substantially decreased during the 7-day period assessed, 5- and 7.5-wt% CPC-Mont loaded composite cement inhibited biofilm formation for 30 days. SIGNIFICANCE: Loading composite cement with CPC-Mont with a median diameter of 7 µm at concentrations of 5-7.5 wt% was effective in achieving continuous anti-biofilm activity, while maintaining mechanical strength and bonding performance.
Journal: Dental Materials
ISSN: 0109-5641
Issue: 1
Volume: 38
Pages: 33 - 43
Number of pages: 11
Publication year:2022
Embargoed until:18/06/2022