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Publication

Phosphorylated pullulan coating enhances Titanium implant osseointegration in a pig model

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

PURPOSE:To investigate the effect of coating a titanium implant surface with a phosphorylated exopolysaccharide, pullulan, on the peri-implant bone formation and implant osseointegration.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Implants were placed in the skull bone of 12 domestic pigs and healed for 1 or 3 months. Osseointegration of (un)coated implants was evaluated by quantitative histology (peri-implant bone fraction [BF] and bone-to-implant-contact [BIC]). The Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test with α = .05 was used to statistically compare BF and BIC of the coated and uncoated implants.RESULTS:Significantly more BF was observed surrounding pullulan-coated implants compared with uncoated implants (P < .05) and for both healing periods (P < .05). BIC was positively affected by the exopolysaccharide coating, with significantly more BIC after the 3-month healing period compared with the uncoated implant (P < .05). Furthermore, BIC remained stable over time for the coated implants, while it significantly decreased for the uncoated ones (P < .05).CONCLUSION:These findings reveal the capacity of functionalizing the titanium implant surface with phosphorylated pullulan to improve the mineralization of the implant-bone interface.
Journal: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
ISSN: 0882-2786
Issue: 2
Volume: 32
Pages: 282 - 290
Publication year:2017
Keywords:Dentistry