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Recommendation to increase the test concentration of methylchloroisothiazolinone / methylisothiazolinone in the European baseline patch test series - on behalf of European Society of Contact Dermatitis and the European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI) in aqua is present in the European baseline patch test series at 100 ppm, whereas 200 ppm has been used in Sweden since 1986, in Spain in the late 1980s, and, in recent years, also in the United Kingdom and Ireland. OBJECTIVES: With regard to MCI/MI, to investigate the data on contact allergy rates in dermatitis patients, the frequencies of allergic contact dermatitis in the same group, and adverse reactions, particularly patch test sensitization in tested dermatitis patients, and to find the optimal patch test concentration as dose in mg/cm(2) . MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a survey of the literature found via the National Library of Medicine (PubMed, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed, last accessed 20 February 2014). RESULTS: MCI/MI at 200 ppm aq. diagnosis substantially more contact allergy and allergic contact dermatitis, without any registered increase in patch test sensitization, than the presently used concentration of 100 ppm. CONCLUSION: MCI/MI at 200 ppm aq. is recommended to be included in the European baseline patch test series. To avoid patch test sensitization, a dose of 0.006 mg/cm(2) must not be exceeded, which means a volume of 15 µl for Finn Chambers(®) (Ø 8 mm).
Journal: Contact Dermatitis
ISSN: 0105-1873
Issue: 1
Volume: 71
Pages: 35 - 40
Publication year:2014
BOF-publication weight:3
CSS-citation score:2
Authors from:Higher Education