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Safety evaluation of the food enzyme protein–glutamine γ-glutamyltransferase from the non-genetically modified Streptomyces mobaraensis strain M2020197.

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The food enzyme protein-glutamine γ-glutamyltransferase (protein-glutamine: amine γ-glutamyltransferase; EC 2.3.2.13) is produced with the non-genetically modified Streptomyces mobaraensis strain M2020197 by Taixing Dongsheng Bio-Tech Co. Ltd. The identity of the production strain and the absence of viable cells could not be established. The food enzyme is intended to be used in eight food manufacturing processes: processing of cereals and other grains for the production of (1) baked products, (2) cereal-based products other than baked; processing of dairy products for the production of (3) fermented dairy products, (4) cheese, (5) dairy desserts; processing of plant- and fungal-derived products for the production of (6) meat analogues, (7) plant-based analogues of milk and milk products; processing of meat and fish products for the production of (8) modified meat and fish products. Dietary exposure to the food enzyme-total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 3.498 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day in European populations. Genotoxicity tests did not indicate a safety concern. The systemic toxicity was assessed by a repeated dose 90-day oral toxicity study in rats. The Panel identified a no observed adverse effect level of 91 mg TOS/kg bw per day. The calculated margin of exposure for each age group was 36 (infants), 26 (toddlers), 50 (children), 99 (adolescents), 115 (adults) and 133 (the elderly). A search for the similarity of the amino acid sequence of the food enzyme to known allergens was made and no match was found. The Panel considered that a risk of allergic reactions upon dietary exposure to this food enzyme cannot be excluded, but the likelihood is low. The safety of the food enzyme could not be established given the derived margins of exposure. Therefore, the Panel concluded that the food enzyme could not be considered safe under the intended conditions of use.

Journal: EFSA Journal
ISSN: 1831-4732
Issue: 1
Volume: 22
Publication year:2024
Keywords:EC 2.3.2.13, Streptomyces mobaraensis, food enzyme, genetically modified microorganism, protein–glutamine γ-glutamyltransferase, protein–glutamine: amine γ-glutamyltransferase, transglutaminase
Accessibility:Open