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Strategic Hedging and China's Economic Policy in the Middle East

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

We present the strategic hedging framework as a way to trace the determinants of the foreign policies of hedging states. We use the case of Chinese energy security strategy in the Middle East as an illustrative case study. We first use four criteria to establish that China's energy security strategy in the Middle East is a strong example of strategic hedging behavior. Then we examine the impact of oil production in the Middle East countries on growth of Chinese economic relationships with these countries. The results of this study show clearly that oil production plays an important role in the Sino-Middle East relations. We find a positive relationship between oil productions in Middle East countries on the one hand and the distribution and growth of China's trade and investment with these countries on the other hand. These results confirm that strategic hedging behavior leads to develop China's economic relations with the oil producing countries in order to cover its growing needs for energy to support its economic growth. This paper represents the first attempt to trace the impact of strategic hedging behavior on the foreign policies of hedging states. Thus, it contributes to the support of strategic hedging framework as a new theory in international relations.
Journal: China Report
ISSN: 0009-4455
Issue: 2
Volume: 51
Pages: 102-120
Keywords:Strategic hedging, China, Middle East, Sino-Middle East relations, Second-tier states, Chinese energy security strategy
  • Scopus Id: 84929090673
  • VABB Id: c:vabb:395565