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Understanding the unforeseen consequences of an incomplete transitional justice ecology in the Philippines

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The Philippines is not typically the focus of transitional justice (TJ) scholarship. Yet, it has had to deal with violent legacies pertaining to each generation of TJ and has installed several TJ initiatives in response to this. This has given rise to a densely populated TJ landscape, spanning different periods and regions and including both formal and informal initiatives within various TJ pillars. In spite of this plethora of initiatives, the Philippines can hardly be called a ‘successful’ case of dealing with violent legacies – with the recent election of Bongbong Marcos as the most striking example thereof. In this article I argue that this can be understood in light of the absence of a genuine TJ ecology: there has not been an encompassing approach in which various kinds of initiatives interact with each other based on intersecting normative objectives. I argue that the case of the Philippines holds broader lessons regarding the importance of a more ecological understanding of TJ.
Journal: JOURNAL OF CURRENT SOUTHEAST ASIAN AFFAIRS
ISSN: 1868-4882
Issue: 2
Volume: 42
Pages: 168 - 189
Publication year:2023
Accessibility:Open