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Behavior of trace elements and micronutrients in manure digestate during ozone treatment
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
Digestate treatment techniques have recently been proposed as a strategy to increase the ultimate biogas yield from dairy manure and to improve the digestate quality as an organic fertilizer. These studies however rarely take the trace elements (TE) and nutrient partitioning into account. This study focusses on ozone treatment (5–40 g O3 kg−1 Total Solids (TS)) as a digestate treatment technique to control the concentration of TE and nutrients in the liquid phase of the digestate. Controlling the TE and nutrient concentrations in the liquid and solid digestate can improve the agronomic value of dairy manure digestate. The ozone concentration of the gas stream entering reactor was 48.53 g O3/Nm³ or 3.4% w/w O3 in O2-gas. The experiments were repeated using pure oxygen gas to investigate its influence. The results from ozonation and oxygenation of the dairy manure digestates revealed that O3 treatment up to 40 g O3 kg−1 TS did not have a more pronounced effect on the biochemical parameters compared to supplementation of pure O2. Ozonation of the digestate and the supernatant showed that the TE concentration in the liquid phase followed a parabolic profile. The observed initial increase in this parabolic profile was explained by the release of TE from the organic matter to the supernatant causing an increase in TE concentration, followed by a decrease due to precipitation of TE as hydroxides and sulfides, due to the increasing pH and sulphur concentrations.
Aantal pagina's: 11
Jaar van publicatie:2020