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The benefits of dietary fiber : the gastrointestinal tract and beyond

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Review Artikel

Dietary fiber is considered an essential constituent of a healthy child's diet. Diets of healthy children with adequate dietary fiber intake are characterized by a higher diet quality, a higher nutrient density, and a higher intake of vitamins and minerals in comparison to the diets of children with poor dietary fiber intake. Nevertheless, a substantial proportion of children do not meet the recommended dietary fiber intake. This is especially true in those children with kidney diseases, as traditional dietary recommendations in kidney diseases have predominantly focused on the quantities of energy and protein, and often restricting potassium and phosphate, while overlooking the quality and diversity of the diet. Emerging evidence suggests that dietary fiber and, by extension, a plant-based diet with its typically higher dietary fiber content are just as important for children with kidney diseases as for healthy children. Dietary fiber confers several health benefits such as prevention of constipation and fewer gastrointestinal symptoms, reduced inflammatory state, and decreased production of gut-derived uremic toxins. Recent studies have challenged the notion that a high dietary fiber intake confers an increased risk of hyperkalemia or nutritional deficits in children with kidney diseases. There is an urgent need of new studies and revised guidelines that address the dietary fiber intake in children with kidney diseases.
ISSN: 1432-198X
Issue: 9
Volume: 38
Pagina's: 2929 - 2938
Jaar van publicatie:2023