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Beyond the Magic Bullet

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:current progress of therapeutic vaccination in multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration and impaired repair mechanisms that lead to neurological disability. The crux of MS is the patient's own immune cells attacking self-antigens in the CNS, namely the myelin sheath that protects nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Restoring antigen-specific tolerance via therapeutic vaccination is an innovative and exciting approach in MS therapy. Indeed, leveraging the body's attempt to prevent autoimmunity, i.e., tolerization, focuses on the underlying cause of the disease and could be the key to solving neuroinflammation. In this perspective, antigen-specific vaccination targets only the detrimental and aberrant immune response against the specific disease-associated antigen(s) involved while retaining the capacity of the immune system to respond to unrelated antigens. We review the experimental approaches of tolerance-inducing vaccination in relapsing and progressive forms of MS that have reached the clinical development phase, including vaccination with autologous T cells, autologous tolerogenic dendritic cells, T cell receptor peptide vaccination, altered peptide ligand, ATX-MS-1467, cluster of differentiation (CD)-206-targeted liposomal myelin basic protein peptides and DNA vaccination. Failures, successes and future directions are discussed.
Tijdschrift: CNS Drugs
ISSN: 1172-7047
Volume: 32
Pagina's: 401 - 410
Jaar van publicatie:2018