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Comparison of minimally invasive inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry approaches for strontium isotopic analysis of medieval stained glass with elevated rubidium and rare-earth element concentrations

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Different approaches for the determination of the Sr-87/Sr-86 isotope ratio of high-Rb glass are compared in this work to assess the suitability of minimally invasive approaches for applications on medieval stained glass (from the ancient Abbey of Stavelot in Belgium). It was found that pneumatic nebulization multicollector inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (PN-MC-ICP-MS) after acid digestion and chromatographic isolation of the target analyte out of the sample matrix can still be seen as the preferred method for the high-precision isotopic analysis of Sr in glass with high Rb and rare-earth element (REE) concentrations. Alternatively, the use of laser ablation (LA) for sample introduction is a powerful technique for the direct analysis of solid samples. However, both the high Rb/Sr ratios in the samples of interest and the presence of REEs at sufficiently high concentrations lead to a large bias in LA-MC-ICP-MS, which cannot be corrected for, even by operating the MC-ICP-MS instrument at higher mass resolution and/or using mathematical corrections. It was demonstrated that LA tandem-ICP-MS (LA-ICP-MS/MS) using CH3F/He as the reaction gas to overcome spectral overlap in a mass-shift approach (chemical resolution) provides a viable alternative when (quasi) nondestructive analysis is required. This approach relies on the monitoring of Sr+ (m/z = 86, 87, and 88) ions as the corresponding SrF+ reaction product ions (m/z = 105, 106, and 107), thus avoiding the occurrence of spectral interference. Self-evidently, the isotope ratio precision attainable using sequential quadrupole-based ICP-MS instrumentation (0.3% RSD) was found to be significantly worse than that of high-precision MC-ICP-MS (0.03% RSD) with simultaneous detection, although it was still fit for the purpose of current applications. In addition to Sr isotopic analysis, the REE patterns and their potential influence on the Sr isotopic composition were evaluated by LA-ICP-MS.
Tijdschrift: ACS OMEGA
ISSN: 2470-1343
Issue: 28
Volume: 6
Pagina's: 18110 - 18122
Jaar van publicatie:2021