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Correlation between the fluorination degree of perfluorinated zinc phthalocyanines, their singlet oxygen generation ability, and their photoelectrochemical response for phenol sensing

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Electron-withdrawing perfluoroalkyl peripheralgroups grafted on phthalocyanine (Pc) macrocycles improve their single-site isolation, solubility, and resistance to self-oxidation, all beneficial features for catalytic applications. A high degree offluorination also enhances the reducibility of Pcs and could altertheir singlet oxygen (1O2) photoproduction. The ethanol/toluene20:80 vol % solvent mixture was found to dissolve perfluorinated FnPcZn complexes,n= 16, 52, and 64, and minimize the aggregation of the sterically unencumbered F16PcZn. The1O2production ability of FnPcZn complexes was examined using 9,10-dimethylanthracene (DMA) and 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine(TEMP) in combination with UV-vis and electron paramagneticresonance (EPR) spectroscopy, respectively. While the photo-reduction of F52PcZn and F64PcZn in the presence of redox-active TEMP lowered1O2production, DMA was a suitable1O2trap forranking the complexes. The solution reactivity was complemented by solid-state studies via the construction of photoelectrochemicalsensors based on TiO2-supported FnPcZn, FnPcZn|TiO2. Phenol photo-oxidation by1O2, followed by its electrochemical reduction,defines a redox cycle, the1O2production having been found to depend on the value ofnand structural features of the supportedcomplexes. Consistent with solution studies, F52PcZn was found to be the most efficient1O2generator. The insights on reactivitytesting and structural-activity relationships obtained may be useful for designing efficient and robust sensors and for other1O2-related applications of FnPcZn
Tijdschrift: Analytical chemistry
ISSN: 0003-2700
Volume: 94
Pagina's: 5221 - 5230
Jaar van publicatie:2022
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article