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Emerging molecular mechanisms in chemotherapy: Ca2+ signaling at the mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membranes

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Inter-organellar communication often takes the form of Ca2+ signals. These Ca2+ signals originate from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and regulate different cellular processes like metabolism, fertilization, migration, and cell fate. A prime target for Ca2+ signals are the mitochondria. ER-mitochondrial Ca2+ transfer is possible through the existence of mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs), ER structures that are in the proximity of the mitochondria. This creates a micro-domain in which the Ca2+ concentrations are manifold higher than in the cytosol, allowing for rapid mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake. In the mitochondria, the Ca2+ signal is decoded differentially depending on its spatiotemporal characteristics. While Ca2+ oscillations stimulate metabolism and constitute pro-survival signaling, mitochondrial Ca2+ overload results in apoptosis. Many chemotherapeutics depend on efficient ER-mitochondrial Ca2+ signaling to exert their function. However, several oncogenes and tumor suppressors present in the MAMs can alter Ca2+ signaling in cancer cells, rendering chemotherapeutics ineffective. In this review, we will discuss recent studies that connect ER-mitochondrial Ca2+ transfer, tumor suppressors and oncogenes at the MAMs, and chemotherapy.
Tijdschrift: Cell Death & Disease
ISSN: 2041-4889
Issue: 3
Volume: 9
Jaar van publicatie:2018
BOF-publication weight:1
CSS-citation score:3
Authors from:Higher Education