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Emotion differentiation dissected: between-category, within-category, and integral emotion differentiation, and their relation to well-being

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Emotion differentiation, the ability to describe and label our own emotions in a differentiated and specific manner, has been repeatedly associated with well-being. However, it is unclear exactly what type of differentiation is most strongly related to well-being: the ability to make fine-grained distinctions between emotions that are relatively closely related (e.g. anger and irritation), the ability to make larger distinctions between very distinct emotions (e.g. anger and sadness), or the combination of both. To determine which type of differentiation is most predictive of well-being, we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis across six datasets. We examined the correlations between these three types of differentiation and several indicators of well-being (depression, emotional clarity, and self-esteem). Results showed that individuals differentiated most between very distinct emotions and least between more related emotions, and that an index computed across emotions from both the same and different emotion categories was most strongly associated with well-being indicators.
Tijdschrift: Cognition and Emotion
ISSN: 0269-9931
Issue: 2
Volume: 33
Pagina's: 258 - 271
Aantal pagina's: 14
Jaar van publicatie:2019