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Gender differences in risk factor management and pharmacological treatment among CHD patients: Belgian results of the EUROASPIRE IV and EUROASPIRE V surveys

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

AimsThe aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date overview of gender differences or similarities in risk factor control and medical management in the Belgian CHD population.MethodsAll analyses are based on the ESC EORP EUROASPIRE IV and EUROASPIRE V (European Survey Of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention And Diabetes) surveys. Patients between 18 and 80 years old, hospitalised for a first or recurrent coronary event, were included in the survey.ResultsData were available for 10,519 patients, of which 23.9% were women. Women had a worse risk factor profile compared to men. Women were more physical inactive (OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.19-1.44), had a higher prevalence of obesity (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.25-1.50) and had a worse LDL-C control (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.36-1.70). Moreover, women were less likely to use ACE-I/ARBs (OR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.76-0.94) and statins (OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.70-0.90). In addition, little gender differences were found in patients' risk factor awareness, except on cholesterol awareness. Women were more aware about their total cholesterol levels (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.21-1.56).ConclusionDespite little to no gender differences in the management of CHD patients, women still have a worse risk factor profile, both in Belgian and in other European high-income countries.
Tijdschrift: ACTA CARDIOLOGICA
ISSN: 0001-5385
Issue: 5
Volume: 78
Pagina's: 607 - 613
Jaar van publicatie:2023
Trefwoorden:EUROASPIRE, risk factors, pharmacological treatment, coronary heart disease, awareness, gender
Toegankelijkheid:Closed