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Hemozoin induces lung inflammation and correlates with malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (MA-ARDS) is a deadly complication of malaria, and its pathophysiology is insufficiently understood. Both in humans and in murine models, MA-ARDS is characterized by marked pulmonary inflammation. We investigated the role of hemozoin in MA-ARDS in C57Bl/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK65, P. berghei ANKA, and P. chabaudi AS. By quantifying hemozoin in the lungs and measuring the disease parameters of MA-ARDS, we demonstrated a highly significant correlation between pulmonary hemozoin concentrations, lung weights, and alveolar edema. Histological analysis of the lungs demonstrated that hemozoin is localized in phagocytes and infected erythrocytes, and only occasionally in granulocytes. Species-specific differences in hemozoin production, as measured among individual schizonts, were associated with variations in pulmonary pathogenicity. Furthermore, both pulmonary hemozoin and lung pathology were correlated with the number of infiltrating inflammatory cells, an increased pulmonary expression of cytokines, chemokines, and enzymes, and concentrations of alveolar vascular endothelial growth factor. The causal relationship between hemozoin and inflammation was investigated by injecting P. falciparum-derived hemozoin intravenously into malaria-free mice. Hemozoin potently induced the pulmonary expression of proinflammatory chemokines (interferon-γ inducible protein-10/CXC-chemokine ligand (CXCL)10, monocyte chemotactic protein-1/CC-chemokine ligand 2, and keratinocyte-derived chemokine/CXCL1), cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, and transforming growth factor-β), and other inflammatory mediators (inducible nitric oxide synthase, heme oxygenase-1, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate- oxidase-2, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1). Thus, hemozoin correlates with MA-ARDS and induces pulmonary inflammation.
Tijdschrift: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 1044-1549
Issue: 5
Volume: 48
Pagina's: 589 - 600
Jaar van publicatie:2013
BOF-publication weight:2
CSS-citation score:2
Authors from:Higher Education