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Human papillomavirus genotype and viral load agreement between paired first-void urine and clinician-collected cervical samples

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The performance and acceptability of first-void urine as specimen for the detection of HPV DNA in a Belgian referral population was evaluated using an optimized sample collection and processing protocol. One hundred ten first-void urine and cervical samples were collected from 25- to 64-year-old women who were referred for colposcopy (January-November 2016). Paired samples were analyzed by the Riatol qPCR HPV genotyping assay. Acceptability data were gathered through questionnaires (NCT02714127). A higher high-risk HPV DNA prevalence was observed in first-void urine (n = 76/110) compared to cervical samples (n = 73/110), with HPV31 and HPV16/31 being most prevalent correspondingly. For both any and high-risk HPV DNA, good agreement was observed between paired samples (Cohen's Kappa of 0.660 (95% CI: 0.486-0.833) and 0.688 (95% CI: 0.542-0.835), respectively). In addition, significant positive correlations in HPV copies (per microliter of DNA extract) between paired samples were observed for HPV16 (r(s) = 0.670; FDR (false discovery rate)-adjusted p = 0.006), HPV18 (r(s) = 0.893; FDR-adjusted p = 0.031), HPV31 (r(s) = 0.527; FDR-adjusted p = 0.031), HPV53 (r(s) = 0.691; FDR-adjusted p = 0.017), and HPV68 (r(s) = 0.569; FDR-adjusted p = 0.031). First-void urine sampling using a first-void urine collection device was preferred over a clinician-collected cervical sample. And mostly, first-void urine sampling at home was favored over collection at the clinic or the general practitioner's office. First-void urine sampling is a highly preferred, non-invasive method that ensures good agreement in HPV DNA (copies) with reference cervical samples. It is particularly interesting as a screening technique to reach non-participants, and its clinical performance should be further evaluated.
Tijdschrift: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology
ISSN: 0934-9723
Issue: 5
Volume: 37
Pagina's: 859 - 869
Jaar van publicatie:2018
Trefwoorden:Parageneeskundige wetenschappen , Microbiologie