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Next-generation sequencing in prenatal setting

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Ondertitel:Some examples of unexpected variant association

The application of next-generation sequencing to fetal pathology has proved to increase the diagnostic yield in fetuses with abnormal ultrasounds. We retrospectively reviewed genetic data of 30 selected cases studied through targeted resequencing of OMIM genes. In our experience, clinical data proved to be essential to support diagnostic reasoning and enhance variants' assessment. The molecular diagnosis was reached in 19/30 (63%) cases. Only in 7/19 cases the molecular diagnosis confirmed the initial diagnostic hypothesis, showing the relevance of the genotype-first approach. According to the genotype-phenotype correlation, we were able to divide the solved cases into three groups: i) the correlation is well established but it was missed due to lack of specificity, unusual presentation or recent description; ii) the clinical presentation is much more severe than currently known for the underlying condition; iii) the correlation does not recapitulate the entire phenotype, possibly due to the fetal presentation or multiple coexisting conditions. Moreover, we found a higher proportion of recessive diagnosis in abnormal fetuses compared to cohorts of individuals with developmental delay. Our findings suggest that fetal pathology may be enriched in rare alleles and/or in unusual combinations, counter-selected in postnatal genomes and thus contributing to both phenotypic extremeness and atypical presentation.

Tijdschrift: European Journal of Medical Genetics
ISSN: 1769-7212
Issue: 5
Volume: 63
Trefwoorden:Female, Fetus/pathology, Genetic Diseases, Inborn/diagnosis, Genetic Testing/statistics & numerical data, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Mutation, Prenatal Diagnosis/statistics & numerical data, Sequence Analysis, DNA/statistics & numerical data