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The Potential Role of Bacteriophages in the Treatment of Recalcitrant Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common condition affecting 5-12% of the general population worldwide. In a limited number of cases, the disease is recalcitrant to medical and surgical interventions, causing a major impact on physical, social and emotional well-being and increasing pressure on healthcare systems. Biofilm formation and dysbiosis caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa play a role in the pathogenesis of recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis. In these cases, a promising treatment alternative is the application of bacteriophages, which are viruses that infect and lyse bacteria. In this review, we appraise the evidence for the use of bacteriophages in the treatment of recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis. Additionally, (dis)advantages of bacteriophages and considerations for implementation of phage therapy in otorhinolaryngology practice will be discussed.
Tijdschrift: Antibiotics-Basel
ISSN: 2079-6382
Issue: 6
Volume: 10
Aantal pagina's: 13
Jaar van publicatie:2021