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The relationship between self-perceived fatigue, muscle endurance, and circulating markers of inflammation in participants of the Copenhagen aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB)

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BACKGROUND: Fatigue, low muscle endurance, muscle weakness and low-grade inflammation are strongly related to frailty at higher age. When signs of self-perceived fatigue and low muscle endurance are interrelated with low-grade inflammation at midlife, they might be used as early markers for frailty. This study investigated whether the interrelationships among self-perceived fatigue, muscle endurance and inflammation can be observed at midlife.

METHODS: A total of 965 participants of the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (aged 52 ± 4 years, 536 males, 426 females) were assessed for self-perceived fatigue (20-item multidimensional fatigue inventory), muscle endurance (grip work), circulating markers of inflammation (hsCRP, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha and IFN-γ), daily physical activity (PAS-2), body composition (%body fat assessed by bio-impedance) and self-reported health status. Participants were categorised (correcting for age and gender) according to high fatigue and/or low muscle endurance, differences in inflammatory profile between fatigue categories were assessed by ANCOVA (corrected for PAS-2, %body fat and presence of inflammatory conditions).

RESULTS: Overall, muscle endurance, fatigue and inflammatory markers were significantly interrelated. Higher levels of hsCRP (p < 0.001), IL-6 (p < 0.001), IL-10 (p = 0.035) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.028) were observed in participants presenting both low muscle endurance and high fatigue. IFN-γ was highest in those with high fatigue but normal muscle endurance (p = 0.015).

CONCLUSIONS: Middle-aged participants with higher fatigue in combination with low muscle endurance show higher levels of inflammation, independently from physical activity, body fat and inflammatory pathology. The underlying mechanisms should be identified and future studies should also investigate whether these individuals show early signs of reduced physiological reserve capacity, which in later life come to full expression by means of frailty.

Tijdschrift: Eur Rev Aging Phys Act
ISSN: 1813-7253
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Jaar van publicatie:2024
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-024-00336-9
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-8308-4099/work/156828265
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-6820-9586/work/156824105
  • Scopus Id: 85183652030
  • PubMed Central Id: PMC10829210
  • WoS Id: 001155586800001