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Resisting Crime : The role of self-control and executive functions in juvenile offending

Boek - Dissertatie

In this doctorate, the link between executive functions, self-control and juvenile delinquent behavior is investigated. Executive functions is an umbrella term for cognitive processes that guide and control behavior, in order to achieve goals, and is a concept that originates from the (cognitive) psychological field. Self-control, on the other hand, is used in many different fields and is mostly defined as the control over one self's inappropriate behavior. While executive functions and self-control show conceptual overlap, they are rarely studied together. This doctorate aimed at clarifying this relation and investigating the influence of these concepts on juvenile offending. In a first study, the link between executive functions and self-control is checked using a community sample. Results showed that executive functions, along with other concepts, underpin self-control. In a second study, the profile of impairment in these constructs was investigated in juvenile offenders. Results indicated not many significant differences with the age- and education-matched control group, although some data suggests an impairment in purely cognitive executive functions for some of the juvenile offenders.
Jaar van publicatie:2020