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A retrospective intercenter comparison of two surgical protocols through the dental arch relationship of 5-to 6-year-old unilateral cleft patients
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this retrospective equivalence trial were to assess the dental arch relationship of 5- to 6-year-old patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) treated in two specialized cleft centers with a different surgical protocol using the 5-Year-Olds' Index and the modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system, and to determine the correlation between these two scoring indices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dental arch relationship of seventy-three 5- to 6-year-old patients with complete UCLP was evaluated on plaster casts using the 5-Year-Olds' Index and the modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system. The sagittal occlusion, overbite, and overjet were also recorded. Inter- and intra-examiner agreement was determined using Intraclass Correlation Coefficients. RESULTS: A good to very good inter- and intra-examiner agreement was found. No significant mean difference in outcome based on the 5-Year-Olds' Index, the modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system, overjet, or overbite was detected. For mean difference in sagittal occlusion, the hypothesis that both centers are clinically equivalent was confirmed. A strong negative correlation (rs = - 0.832) between the 5-Year-Olds' Index and the modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system was found. CONCLUSIONS: The dental arch relationship of 5- to 6-year-old unilateral cleft patients treated in two Belgian cleft centers is clinically equivalent based on sagittal occlusion, despite substantial differences in their treatment protocol. Clinical equivalence for other parameters was not confirmed. There is a strong correlation between the 5-Year-Olds' Index and the modified Huddart/Bodenham scoring system. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A well-implemented treatment protocol for cleft patients is of the utmost importance, but case load and skill of the surgeon are also important factors for the quality of the results.
Tijdschrift: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS
Pagina's: 1777 - 1784
Jaar van publicatie:2019
Authors from:Higher Education