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Tuning the Catalytic Properties of UiO-66 Metal-Organic Frameworks: From Lewis to Defect-Induced Bronsted Acidity

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

The Lewis/Brønsted acidity and catalytic properties of UiO-66-type metal-organic frameworks are studied in the context of tunable acid catalysts based on the presence of linker defects that create coordinatively unsaturated Zr4+ centers. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed CO and direct pH measurements are employed to characterize hydrated and dehydrated UiO-66 containing different number of Zr4+ sites associated with defects. These sites can strongly polarize coordinated water molecules, which induces Brønsted acidity in the hydrated material. Upon dehydration of the solid, the coordinated water molecules are removed, and the underlying coordinatively unsaturated Zr4+ cations become exposed and available as Lewis acid sites. Herein we show, for various acid-catalyzed reactions, how it is possible to shift from a Brønsted acid to a Lewis acid catalyst by simply controlling the hydration degree of the solid. This control adds a new dimension to the design and engineering of MOFs for catalytic applications.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue: 12
Volume: 11
Pagina's: 4879 - 4890
Aantal pagina's: 12
Jaar van publicatie:2020
Trefwoorden:Fysische scheikunde, Materiaalkunde, Atomaire, moleculaire en chemische natuurkunde