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Unravelling the pore network and its behaviour: An integrated NMR, MICP, XCT and petrographical study of continental spring carbonates from the Ballık area, SW Turkey
Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel
Applying an integrated methodology, including petrography, mercury injection capillary pressure, laboratory nuclear magnetic resonance and X‐ray computed tomography, on continental spring carbonate reservoir analogue samples is a prerequisite to understand plug scale porosity and permeability heterogeneities. Depending on the dominant pore type in a sample, the orientation and distribution of the pores, pore network connectivity varies from poor to excellent in these continental spring carbonates. The latter exhibit large‐scale ranges for both porosity (3%–25%) and permeability (0.004–3,675 mD). Facies classification alone proved insufficient to link porosity and permeability, due to intrafacies pore network variability. Better assessment of reservoir properties can be achieved by subdividing facies into lithotype and pore type classes. Obtained pore network data addresses the pore types, pore (throat) sizes, number of pore compartments, and allow a subdivision of the pore size distributions into unimodal, bimodal and atypical types. There is no micropore compartment present in samples with unimodal mercury injection capillary pressure and nuclear magnetic resonance distributions. Decoupled micropore compartments are observed in samples with bimodal mercury injection capillary pressure and nuclear magnetic resonance distributions, which show isolating calcite rims, and have limited permeabilities. The cement rims decrease the macropore connectivity and decouple the micropore compartments, which reside in micritic dendrites. The micropore compartment (r < 1 µm) is coupled with the mesopore (r = 1–15 µm) and macropore compartment (r > 15 µm) for atypical samples which lack pore‐lining calcite rims.
Tijdschrift: Depositional Record
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