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Association of a Combined Cancer Exhaustion Score with Circulating Tumor Cells and Outcome in Ovarian Cancer-A Study of the OVCAD Consortium

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

We investigated the prognostic role of systemic characteristics for cancer exhaustion and the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. We included 185 patients in this multicenter study with a median follow-up time of 10.25 years. Albumin, c-reactive protein (CRP) and the kynurenine to tryptophan ratio (Kyn/Trp) as well as the CTC-related marker cyclophilin C (PPIC) were obtained before primary therapy and were correlated to the respective clinical and outcome data. The information provided by albumin and Kyn/Trp was integrated in a combined score for cancer exhaustion (CCES). A high CCES characterized by hypoalbuminemia and a high Kyn/Trp was associated with both decreased overall and progression-free survival, independent from other known prognostic factors in a multivariable analysis. The presence of PPIC-positive CTCs was significantly associated with a high CCES, highlighting that the interplay between the systemic microenvironment and CTCs should be considered in "liquid biopsy" biomarker assessment.
Journal: Cancers
ISSN: 2072-6694
Issue: 23
Volume: 13
Number of pages: 12
Publication year:2021