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Comparison of a VLP-based and GST-L1-based multiplex immunoassay to detect vaccine-induced HPV-specific antibodies in first-void urine

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

Vaccine-induced human papillomavirus (HPV) antibodies originating from cervicovaginal secretions were recently shown to be detectable in first-void (FV) urine. This presents a novel opportunity for noninvasive sampling to monitor HPV antibody status in women participating in large epidemiological studies and HPV vaccine trials. With a view towards method optimization, this study compared the measurement of HPV antibodies in FV urine using a multiplex L1/L2 virus-like particles (VLP)-based ELISA (M4ELISA) with previously reported results using a glutathione S-transferase (GST)-L1-based immunoassay (GST-L1-MIA). We tested 53 paired FV urine and serum samples from 19- to 26-year-old healthy women, unvaccinated (n = 17) or vaccinated with either the bivalent or quadrivalent HPV-vaccine during adolescence (n = 36). HPV6/11/16/18 antibodies were measured using M4ELISA and compared with GST-L1-MIA results. Inter-assay and inter-specimen correlations were examined using the Spearman's rank test (rs). As expected, lower HPV antibody concentrations were found in FV urine than in serum. Vaccinated women had significantly higher HPV6/11/16/18 antibody levels in both FV urine and serum compared with those unvaccinated (M4ELISA; FV urine P = .0003; serum P <= .0001). HPV antibody levels in FV urine and serum showed a significant positive correlation (M4ELISA anti-HPV6/11/16/18, r(s) = 0.85/0.86/0.91/0.79, P <= .001). Despite assay differences, there was moderate to good correlation between M4ELISA and GST-L1-MIA (FV urine anti-HPV6/11/16/18, r(s) = 0.86/0.83/0.89/0.53, P <= .0001; serum anti-HPV6/11/16/18, r(s) = 0.93/0.89/0.94/0.75, P <= .0001). FV urine HPV antibody detection is comparable with both assays, further supporting this noninvasive sampling method as a possible option for HPV vaccine assessment. Approaches to improve the sensitivity and larger studies are warranted to determine the feasibility of FV urine for vaccine-induced HPV antibody detection.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Medical Virology
ISSN: 0146-6615
Volume: 92
Pagina's: 3774 - 3783
Jaar van publicatie:2020