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The impact of instruction and out-of-school exposure to foreign language input on learners’ vocabulary knowledge in two languages

Tijdschriftbijdrage - Tijdschriftartikel

This cross‐sectional study investigated the impact of length of instruction, out‐of‐school exposure to foreign language input, and gender on learners’ receptive vocabulary knowledge in two foreign languages: French (first foreign language) and English (second foreign language). The findings suggest that, although length of instruction correlated positively with vocabulary knowledge in English and French, the gains remained modest when out‐of‐school exposure to the foreign language input was limited. Despite fewer years of English instruction, participants’ vocabulary knowledge in English was considerably larger than their French vocabulary knowledge, which can be explained by their large amounts of out‐of‐school exposure to English language input. Participants’ online activities in particular had a positive effect on their vocabulary knowledge in English. Although gender influenced participants’ engagement with online activities in English, gender did not have a direct effect on their vocabulary knowledge, as the structural equation modeling analysis showed.
Tijdschrift: Language Learning
ISSN: 0023-8333
Issue: 3
Volume: 69
Pagina's: 747 - 782
Jaar van publicatie:2019
BOF-publication weight:3
CSS-citation score:3
Authors from:Higher Education