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Predicting iron absorption from an effervescent iron supplement in obese patients before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a preliminary study

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BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oral iron absorption is hampered in obese and bariatric patients, especially after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). As a result, iron deficiency, which is common in both patient groups, can be difficult to treat by oral supplements, often necessitating a switch to parenteral administration. The aim of this study was to find possible predictors of the extent of absorption of an effervescent iron gluconate oral supplement, which enables to pre-emptively identify those patients in which oral supplementation is likely to fail. METHODS: The pharmacokinetic properties of 695 mg effervescent iron gluconate (80 mg Fe2+) were assessed in 13 obese patients (female = 10; mean age ± SD: 45.2 ± 12.5years) pre- and six months post-RYGB by measuring serum iron concentrations during 24 hours and by calculating the adjusted for baseline AUC0-24h, Cmax and Tmax. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to investigate the effect of hepcidin concentration, iron and hematologic indices, personal and anthropometric characteristics on iron absorption. Subsequently, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were used to propose the cut-off value for hepcidin concentrations above which obese patients are unlikely to benefit from oral iron supplementation. Data are expressed as mean ± SD. RESULTS: Low iron status persisted after surgery as there was no significant difference observed in TSAT (17.3 ± 5.2 vs. 20.2 ± 6.6%), ferritin (91.8 ± 68.6 vs. 136.2 ± 176.9 μg/L) and hepcidin concentration (32.0 ± 30.1 vs. 28.3 ± 21.3 ng/mL) after RYGB. The absorption of effervescent iron gluconate was similar pre- and post-RYGB [AUC0-24h,pre-RYGB: 28.6 ± 10.8 μg/dL*h; AUC0-24h,post-RYGB: 27.5 ± 9.11 μg/dL*h (P = 0.84)]. Post-RYGB, iron AUC0-24h showed a strong negative correlation with both hepcidin concentrations and TSAT (R=-0.51; P = 0.08 and R=-0.81; P = 0.001), respectively. Pre-RYGB, there was a clear trend for the same negative correlations for hepcidin concentrations and TSAT (R=-0.47; P = 0.11 ;R=-0.41; P = 0.16), respectively. Taking pre-and post-RYGB data together, the negative correlations were confirmed for hepcidin concentrations and TSAT (R=-0.54; P = 0.004; R=-0.60; P = 0.001), respectively. The AUCROC = 0.87 (95%CI 0.71; 1.00) showed an optimal sensitivity/specificity cut-off at hepcidin concentrations of 26.8 ng/mL. CONCLUSIONS: The iron AUC0-24h showed a negative correlation with the hepcidin concentration and TSAT of obese patients, in particular post-RYGB. Therefore, our data support the use of hepcidin concentration and TSAT to distinguish potential responders from non-responders for iron supplementation particularly post-RYGB. Additionally, this study showed that the pharmacokinetic properties of iron gluconate from an effervescent tablet were unaffected by RYGB-surgery.
Tijdschrift: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
ISSN: 0946-672X
Volume: 52
Pagina's: 68 - 73
Aantal pagina's: 6
Jaar van publicatie:2019